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What is Hypothyroidism? How is it Treated?

Posted On September 29th, 2021 By CSSFIRM.COM

Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough T3 and T4 hormones for the body to function properly. The condition tends to run in families, affects women more than men, and may be caused by:

  • Hashimoto’s, an immune condition in which the body mistakenly attacks and causes damage to the thyroid gland.
  • Radiation treatments
  • Down’s Syndrome
  • Surgical removal of the thyroid

Because people with hypothyroidism are unable to produce adequate levels of T3 or T4 (or both), they need to take synthetic hormones or risk developing several adverse symptoms, including:

  • Unexpected or unexplained weight gain
  • Fatigue and low energy levels
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Swollen or puffy face
  • Muscle weakness
  • Joint pain or stiffness

Hypothyroidism can also affect the heart by slowing the heart rate down. It also impairs the body’s ability to effectively metabolize cholesterol, which may increase the risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Hypothyroidism also impacts the brain and can lead to difficulty concentrating and memory loss.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Hypothyroidism is typically diagnosed with blood tests at regular intervals to measure the level of thyroid hormones in the body. If the condition persists for longer than a few months, treatment with medication is often recommended.

An oral medication called levothyroxine, a synthetic form of thyroid hormone, is the standard recommended treatment for hypothyroidism. The amount of levothyroxine needed varies from patient to patient, and it’s important to receive the correct amount of this medication since too little levothyroxine won’t sufficiently control hypothyroidism and too much will lead to side effects including increased appetite, sleeplessness, shakiness, and heart palpitations.

Acella Pharmaceuticals recently recalled certain lots of its hypothyroid medication, NP Thyroid, after FDA testing revealed them to be “sub-potent,” containing less medication than the amount reflected on the label. For example, some lots were found to contain as little as 87 percent of the labeled amount of levothyroxine.

Our firm is reviewing information regarding thyroid medication as more research develops. If you believe you have been injured after taking NP thyroid or another thyroid medication, give us a call about your potential case at  404-419-9500. You can also contact us right here on our website.

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